Flash Points

Secrets of Art Appreciation

"Some people say modern art is pretentious, but if you look at it like this..." Photo by the author at the Museum of Modern Art, New York. July 2009.

I am not an “art critic.” I can tell you how I feel about a given work of art, but I may feel differently over time or if I see the same work in another space. Mood is a powerful factor, and it usually takes several interactions to develop a meaningful relationship.  It is indeed rare that I fall for an artwork at first sight.

I (mostly unconsciously) employ three metrics for deciding if, how, and how much I’m enjoying a work of art. The shorthand I’ve adopted to describe them is “head,” “heart,” and “gut.” Here’s a quick explanation of what they each mean to me.

Head. Is a work intellectually stimulating to me? Perhaps I’m making connections to other works of art or to knowledge I have of the time and circumstances in which the work was created. Maybe the work cleverly embodies a joke to which I know the punchline. Marcel Duchamp’s Fountain (1917) is a seminal example in modern art. If you know the story of how challenging it was to those who had to decide if it was art or not, and whether it could be included in an exhibition that claimed it would include all submitted artworks, you laugh with Duchamp and his pals. Not getting the joke is frustrating, but it doesn’t preclude an eventual appreciation of that same piece. I just still need someone to tell me the joke. I enjoy humor in art a great deal, but I’m also aware that my sense of humor is particular to me, which is one of the reasons I am not willing to call myself an art critic.  However, I will happily own up to being an avid art appreciator. In this realm, as in criticism, we carry context with us. This is especially true in the following two metrics.

Heart. Do I love the work? This could be for inexplicable reasons or it could be because I have a special affinity for a subject and/or the way it’s being depicted. I happen to like tiny details. I like being seduced by a work that holds unexpected surprises.  I can’t deny that if I’m attracted to the subject of the work in an erotic way, I will probably enjoy the work of art. Hiram Powers or Harriet Frishmuth’s 19th-century sculptural nudes at the Met fit that category.

Gut. This is the least explicable. It’s the electrifying, breath-taken-away frisson I get when I connect with a work of art on a gut level. I sincerely hope you’ve had this feeling. I believe that the frisson comes when my subconscious has gleaned a strong connection with the artist—a recognition that we see some part of life in the same way. I more often get this feeling in museums than anywhere else. Often, when folks walk into an art museum, they’re on their best behavior.  They are trained since youth that, as in a library, there are rules. Some resist the rules and feel resentment. Some experience fear that they may inadvertently break a rule and therefore, feel anxious and out of place in museums. However, some embrace the rules, like a poet who finds that the restrictions of writing a sestina actually inspire creativity. If we let the rules put us into a “good student” state of mind, we are paying attention and “settled down.” It’s in this state that we “notice.” We’re receptive.

A camouflaged work by Stickman in SoHo, New York (see detail). Photo by the author.

Head, heart, and gut are just the names I use for the most basic ways in which art affects all appreciators. Some works hit me on all three levels but this is exceedingly rare. For whatever reason, Philip Guston’s work, whether totally abstract or cartoonishly figurative, often hits me on all three. I couldn’t begin to explain the reasons why. Street art often strikes the “heart” chord because it is inherently playful. NYC has become so saturated that most overlook it, but a well-placed Stickman or D. Billy will still thrill or crack me up respectively.  A clever transformation of a public space into a frame or display case for a work of art is delightful.

Another take on the fire call box as installation space by D. Billy. Photo courtesy the artist.

Donald Judd has only ever hit me on an intellectual level. The Minimalist removal of the artist’s hand from the creative process has interesting results but leaves me coldly observant, though I wouldn’t rule out “getting” Judd in a “heart” or “gut” way in the future.

In the end, it’s in museums that I’m most often hit with an unexpected gut shot. It’s in museums that a painting, sculpture, or drawing — or whatever stops me dead in my tracks — transfixes me and I get that chill. When the spell is broken and the evanescent feeling dissipates, I want to share. I want someone else to have that experience. That’s probably why I started writing about my museum excursions in the first place. I don’t expect my experience to be carried to a reader in 140 characters, but I’m pleased to be able to place a little virtual marker — a homing device — that says, “potential exhilarating experience here.”

Museum Nerd helms the popular Twitter account @museumnerd, where he tweets his art museum explorations.

  1. Now this is an explanation for art appreciation that I can point to and yell YEAH.

  2. Sowa Mai says:

    thanks for this, do you look at the labels? I take in the work, then the details, (figure out how they did it) then the label(notecard to you Bettina)

  3. Museum Nerd says:

    Sowa: I usually look at the label when I have a question I hope it will answer or if it’s a special exhibit I want to know more about. Living in NYC I usually have the luxury of being able to see a work of art several times and may only read the label the 3rd or 4th time I’m seeing something. It’s certainly not required for learning from art in a museum!

    Bettina: Thanks!

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  5. Jim Welke says:

    Well said. Thanks! I’m always sad when people say they don’t enjoy visual art because they don’t “get” it. Seems like they are over-thinking it. Same goes for poetry. If I don’t get it, I just let it wash over me and see what happens…

    Jim (http://www.grassfedart.com/)

  6. Marc Mayer says:

    MuseumNerd, I appreciate this post. I have two comments I hope we can discuss

    1) First, what about work that you don’t “enjoy,” that is not about pleasure, but acts as a provocation? Sometimes art can challenge us, as viewers, and our assumption through displeasure and difficult subject matter. How might that experience function within this context of art appreciation? What is the value of art that does that?

    2) I have never been a fan of the term “Art Appreciation,” because for me, it limits experiences with art, and makes an aesthetic or non-aesthetic experience feel quite passive. If there is anything art education can instill in us, it is the act or practice of inquiry, asking questions and thinking critically (perhaps in response to initial feelings and important gut reactions) to promote a better sense or “understanding” that may help the viewer create meaning. I am curious if you agree and if you could think of other terminology that might be more effective?

    Thanks for your thoughtful post; it does provide a platform for further discussion.

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  8. kelda says:

    Head. Heart. Gut. I love it. I teach high school art and I think my students will appreciate this! I think it’s a great way to think about how we look at art on different levels. I always attempt to describe/interpret/analyze art before I jump to judgment. This helps me to “see” what I’m looking at.

  9. Museum Nerd says:

    I started a reply to Marc Mayer’s extremely thoughtful comment, but it got so long I thought it’d be better to save it for a future essay here or elsewhere. Thanks for provoking a lot more thought, Marc!

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