Inside the Artist's Studio

Inside the Artist’s Studio | Shannon Fitzgerald


Shannon Fitzgerald, Rochester Art Center (Miguel Calderón: Motel 6, 2012). Photo by Jason Pearson.

Shannon Fitzgerald is the executive director of the Rochester Art Center in Rochester, MN, as of last month. The Rochester Art Center is a non-collecting contemporary art center focusing on regional, national, and international artists.  The Rochester Art Center organizes solo exhibitions often involving the production of new work and new scholarship, along with timely group exhibitions. Formely, Fitzgerald was chief curator at the Contemporary Art Museum St. Louis (CAM), where she oversaw the exhibition and publications programs. During her tenure, she developed education and community-focused outreach initiatives, planned public lectures and symposia, oversaw a national visiting curator and critic series, and created an international and national artist-in-residence program.

Before joining CAM in St. Louis, Fitzgerald held a curatorial appointment at the Institute of Visual Arts (Inova), at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, where she participated in its ambitious and groundbreaking international Kunsthalle-style programming.

Additionally, Fitzgerald has generated new scholarship, commissioned critical essays from leading scholars, and edited numerous museum publications.  She has published many essays on the work of contemporary artists and has contributed to the art journals ART PAPERS, Boot Print, Review Magazine, as well as the Art21 Blog.  She is also the Lead Mentor for the Oklahoma Art Writing & Curatorial Fellowship, a program she co-developed for the Oklahoma Visual Arts Coalition in Oklahoma City that works to advance critical art writing and contemporary curatorial practice in the region.

On a more personal note, Fitzgerald’s inaugural exhibition,  A Fiction of Authenticity: Contemporary Africa Abroad, held at CAM in 2003 motivated me to work my artistic inquiries into critical questions – thus being the subject of my inaugural interview as well.  Ever since, on many occasions I’ve stopped to watch her practice closely, to learn from her ability to create allies in the art world and to create strong bonds with artists. Strangely enough, Fitzgerald’s deus ex machina traits are invaluable: she appears to artists when they need guidance the most, she is immensely sensitive to their creative needs and is willing to step forward to take risks with them–to trust their vision. And artists, don’t forget that.  I do not forget that, and with this post I would like to wish her an exciting new beginning at the Rochester Art Center.

It is an absolute joy to present to you, Shannon Fitzgerald.

Georgia Kotretsos: A significant part of your career has been marked with the simultaneous growth of the Contemporary Art Museum St. Louis, where you began as an assistant curator and rose to become chief curator, leading the institution into a new era. How was this part of your history experienced back then and how much of it is still with you today?

Kendell Geers. "Slaughter/Laughter," 2003. A Fiction of Authenticity: Contemporary Africa Abroad. Contemporary Art Museum St. Louis.

Shannon Fitzgerald: That was a thrilling time to be part of a team working to define what a new museum could be, how it could grow both its mission and physical space responsibly. St. Louis was also experiencing a dynamic period of growth in the arts. I was part of a larger eco-system in which I was able to create innovative and timely programs with artists and thinkers that resonated with the local community, but also had global currency. Similarly, it was a tremendous opportunity to curate an ambitious inaugural exhibition and follow that by putting forth and overseeing a schedule that helped shaped the direction of the new Contemporary. It was terrific to conceptualize so many of the first-time museum exhibitions and first-time US museum exhibitions for an amazing roster of artists; artists that I am still regularly inspired by today.

Polly Apfelbaum. "Crazy Love, Love Crazy," 2004. Installation view, Contemporary Art Museum St. Louis.

It is most rewarding to work with artists at particular adventurous and transformative junctures in their careers; as risk takers, as a new path or interest reveals itself, or really at the cusp of realizing their next potential. It was a privilege to work alongside artists who did just that in St. Louis; Dzine, Ruby Osorio, Larry Krone, Julie Moos, and Michael Lin. Equally exciting is to work with established artists on something new and experimental; artists such as Polly Apfelbaum, Keith Piper, and William Pope.L who created strikingly memorable projects that were so evocative in the community and helped audiences recognize the value of the gifts that artists give us.

Larry Krone. "Something Beautiful," 2006. Contemporary Art Museum St. Louis.

That part of my history certainly informed my trajectory and there continue to be threads, but my interests are diverse and ever-evolving. I have been working on several new platforms for visual art and visual art literacy through my independent pursuits, and now in my new role at Rochester Art Center.

GK: You’ve also been working as an independent curator, writer, and educator for several years, what is that like for you?

Marina Zurkow. "Slurb," 2009. Color, animation, sound, dimensions in pixels: 1920 x 1080, 1742 second loop, edition of 5. Courtesy the artist.

SF: It can be liberating to work independently, as you know, and I appreciate the quality of working on a variety of projects at once that requires shifting perspectives. That keeps one nimble and sparks a certain kind of entrepreneurship that is required as a freelancer when working in the Midwest and Southeast.

I greatly enjoy writing contextualizing essays on artists’ works for different mission-driven organizations, and discovered that preference over formal art criticism. For example, writing art criticism was a way for me to work outside the curatorial or institutional framework. I saw material objects and ideas differently than when you have a hand in the selection and development of an exhibition. Continuing research through conducting workshops and teaching art history, specifically Contemporary African Art History, is gratifying, as it is a research area that I am passionate about. But what is most impressive about that experience is witnessing all kinds of students, in four different universities in three states (urban and rural, undergraduate and graduate) transform their perspective through the power of education and heightened awareness. To be part of that awakening motivates me and is a delight to observe.

Barry Anderson. "Junk Yard," 2011. Single-channel HD video animation, 6:20 minutes. Courtesy Marty Walker Gallery, Dallas, TX.

For instance, I moved to Georgia as the 2010 Fall Visiting Scholar-in-Residence at Columbus State University, where I had the opportunity to get to know a small community, in a military town, located on the historic Chattahoochee River. While in residence, I explored the civil rights movement, its legacy and impact on visual culture and contemporary art by traveling throughout the South, which I incorporated in my teaching. It is invigorating to draw connections—across disciplines—between independence movements in Africa, the fight for civil rights in America, and the end of apartheid.

Many of my independent pursuits involve the creation of new programs and as I also enjoy working with emerging writers and scholars, I had the opportunity to co-develop a remarkable new writing program, the Oklahoma Art and Curatorial Writing Fellowship[1] and serve as its lead mentor with the goal of fostering new writing about contemporary art in a five-state region. Identifying the need for such a program, in our role we mentor twelve emerging writers a year in (two) year-long programs, which includes intensive field reading, writing, and bringing in national colleagues; curators, critics, and academics all working at the top of their fields to serve as mentors. Our mentors have included Tom Eccles, Margo Crutchfield, Kate Hackman, Eleanor Heartney, Catherine Morris, Hamza Walker, and Sylvester Okwunodu Ogbechie, among others, which has greatly raised the discourse in Oklahoma City;  how fortunate for the young writers to have the rare opportunity for face-to-face access with such expertise. Several of the participating writers have been published for the first time and are vital voices in their communities. Our next public panel is in September: Visibility & Vitality: Contemporary Art Criticism Now includes Sylvie Fortin, David Pagel, Gregory Volk, and myself.

Catharina van Eetvelde. "Slice," 2007. Flash animation, 9:00 minutes. Text by Abigail Lang. Courtesy the artist and Galerie Greta Meert, Brussels.

And lastly, in 2012 I initiated and curated a new program called projectscreen for the Oklahoma City Museum of Art that presented extraordinary work by Marina Zurkow, Catharina van Eetvelde, Barry Anderson, and Allison Schulnik to this region for the first time, in a community new to video art.

Allison Schulnik. "Mound," 2011. Stop motion video. 4:24 minutes. Courtesy Mark Moore Gallery (CA) and ZieherSmith (NY).

GK: As the Executive Director of the Rochester Art Center, your duties may keep you away from having direct contact with artists like you did as a curator. Are you hoping to remain accessible to artists?

Rochester Art Center, Rochester, MN.

SF: Absolutely! Artists are central to all of my work and that will continue at Rochester Art Center. While I do have important administrative responsibilities, the mandate to support art and artists drives the other responsibilities as a program-driven institution. I desire to make the art we present more visible, more accessible, and more appreciated and that involves both a deep knowledge about art and respect for its makers. The best art and artists prompt me to acquire new knowledge and discover new perspectives about the world, and our place in it. For me, the rewards of working in the contemporary art field is its pace and the expansiveness of objects, ideas, and experiences; I anticipate that continuing to unfold in imaginative ways here.

GK: Do you envision your contribution to Rochester to be a layered endeavor, where your administrative, programming and curatorial expertise are equally utilized?

SF: I do, and I respond to your word choice, layered. Each of those proficiencies are utilized and interrelated as I begin accessing both our short and long-term goals and work on conceptualizing the big picture and where we will be in the future. The specific experiences I bring to the Rochester Art Center compliments the aptitudes of our current staff and hopefully enhances our dynamic as we move forward as a team. Competencies in each arena are necessary for visionary leadership to occur and I am honored to begin working on deepening the Art Center’s commitment to Rochester and the region, while also broadening its reach, visibility, and participation in the international arts community. I will have a curatorial imprint in the programing, but I am equally thrilled by the task of managing the intricate parts that make a complex but unified whole—and I get to do this in a stunning building, located on the Zumbro River, overlooking Mayo Park—how exciting is that!

Miguel Calderón. "In the Open," 2012. Digital ink jet print, 148 x 110 inches. Courtesy the artist and Rochester Art Center.

Our chief curator, Kris Douglas, is originating great exhibitions and compelling scholarship and our education and programs are growing. He has produced original international exhibitions and outstanding presentations of new work by Miguel Calderón, Roman Signer, Rachel Kheedori and Inigo Manglano-Ovalle, among others. We’ll continue to advance our global perspective by bringing international artists to Rochester in our upcoming schedule with new exhibitions by Tim Eitel (Germany/Paris), Henny Linn Kjellberg (Stocklholm), David Rathman (Minneapolis), Monika Sosnowska (Warsaw), and Chihara Shiota (Osaka/Berlin), among others.

Iñigo Manglano-Ovalle. "Recumbent Iceberg (r11i01)," 2005-2006. Aluminum tubes, rapid-prototyped ABS plastic and nylon, USB drive, 25 x 20 x 16 feet. Courtesy the artist and Rochester Art Center.

I am focusing on supporting our vision and creating a healthy and stable environment that is sustainable.  It’s at that perfect juncture in its life cycle to expand both its reach and impact and I see the potential for us to become a more thriving space of international import.

Roman Signer. "Rad (Wheel)," 2008. Bicycle wheel, ice, 31 x 42 x 7 inches. Courtesy the artist and Rochester Art Center.

GK: What draws you to non-collecting institutions, and how do such museums position themselves towards the artists and the work they make and show?

SF: I thrive in the Kunsthalle environment because of the immediacy and possibilities it presents. I gravitate to that which can transpire and play out in the context of the unknown before art history is secure. One of the most stimulating aspects of working within this model is how we provide a platform for experimentation that directly impacts artists and benefits the community simultaneously. Innovation and creativity come in many forms and the best non-collecting institutions are supporting artists that are pushing boundaries, evolving themselves, and asking critical questions. It is our role to encourage and welcome such integrated experiences, provide context, and cultivate a broader appreciation for it. Most of my work reflects my keen interest in social, cultural, and political discourse and how it informs visual cultural. How that plays out before our eyes, in infinite ways, enriches the lived experience and the Kunsthalle model is ripe for nurturing that kind of exchange. All of the artists I am engaged with and/or artists that I think are contributing to the international art world in the most significant ways challenge our understanding of contemporary life and inspire one to take pause. I endeavor to create spaces and circumstances for such reflection. With missions that focus attention, expertise, and resources on artists, their practices, and scholarship—in the now as they unfurl—contemporary institutions present the impact of art on society and have the opportunity and responsibility to contribute to a more vibrant and vital culture.

GK: Rochester is ranked second in “Quality of Life” by American City Business Journal, and sixth in Kiplinger’s Personal Finance Magazine’s “10 Best Cities for the Next Decade.” Is this promising profile only good news for an executive director of a cultural institution in the visual arts?

SF: It is great news and a great time to be in Rochester. The city regularly makes many “best of” lists and the reasons are immediately evident the first time you visit: it is green and lush, all nestled in a valley surrounded by beautiful farms; it boasts sidewalks, extensive bike/walking paths, bus shelters, good food, and entertainment. Rochester is also home to the Mayo Clinic, IBM, the University of Minnesota-Rochester, and a diverse international community that is connected globally. For a city with just over 100,000 people, the community is highly educated and desires the amenities that one finds in major metropolitan areas. The community pulse is rooted in cutting-edge medicine, technology, and innovation that is progressive and forward thinking. What a robust environment for a flourishing contemporary art space! Rochester Art Center has been a vital part of this community and has been contributing to the quality of life here since 1946. That is a fantastic history to build upon.

And, that’s a wrap!

[1] With Julia Kirt, I co-developed this program on behalf of the Oklahoma Visual Arts Coalition in partnership with the Oklahoma City Museum of Art and The School of Art & Art History at the University of Oklahoma.